Tajikistan, with a total population of over 7 million is located in Central Asia, to the west of China, and south of Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan’s extractive sector is relatively undeveloped. Mining accounted for 22.6 per cent of the total industrial sector in 2017. Tajikistan is rich in over 50 types of natural resources and holds more than 600 deposits discovered during the last couple of decades. There are more than 40 deposits of coal in Zeravshan-Hissor, South Hissor, Pamir-Darvaz and South Fergana regions. There are also reserves of lead, zinc, copper, bismuth, antimony, mercury, gold, silver, iron and wolframium (tungsten). These deposits have been found suitable for mining. Besides considerable reserves of coal and gold, Tajikistan hosts one of the largest silver deposits in the world – the Bolshoi Konemansur deposit.
The country places hope on future development of extractive industries. Between 2007-2015, $700.3 million has been invested in the mining sector, with a Chinese mining company making the largest investment of $100 million in the development of Pakrut LLC and the construction of a Chinese metallurgical plant to mine lead and zinc deposits of Zarnisori Shimoli located in the eastern Tajikistan district Vahdat. The main countries that have invested in the mining sector of Tajikistan are the United Kingdom, China, Iran, Russia, Switzerland, and France.
MINEX Tajikistan will be the first major international Mining Forum to be held in the Republic of Tajikistan focusing on business opportunities for international investors and supply chain companies. The forum will provide a platform for discussing the technological modernisation of the mining sector, exposure to market-oriented management, increased human capacity, better transportation links, and comprehensive surveys on the full potential of Tajikistan’s deposits.